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srs SIM921-AC resistance bridge

简要描述:srs SIM921-AC resistance bridge

  • 产品型号:SIM921
  • 厂商性质:经销商
  • 更新时间:2023-12-20
  • 访  问  量:702

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srs SIM921-AC resistance bridge

 

主要指标与说明The SIM921 AC Resistance Bridge is a precision, low-noise instrument designed for cryogenic thermometry applications. With excitation power below 100 aW, thermistors and other resistive samples can be measured at temperatures below 50 mK with negligible self-heating errors.SIM921 AC Resistance BridgeAccurate millikelvin thermometryMicrovolt/picoamp excitationMeasurements from 1 mΩ to 100 MΩVariable excitation from 2 Hz to 60 HzLinearized analog outputResistance, temperature and phase

 

SIM921 AC Resistance BridgeThe SIM921 AC Resistance Bridge is a precision, low-noise instrument designed for cryogenic thermometry applications. With excitation power below 100 aW, thermistors and other resistive samples can be measured at temperatures below 50 mK with negligible self-heating errors.Measuring ResistanceThe SIM921 measures resistance using a four-wire circuit, eliminating the direct effect of lead resistance on the result. Thermal EMFs and amplifier offset drifts are avoided by using an AC excitation current source.The excitation frequency can be adjusted from 2 Hz to 60 Hz, either from the front panel or over the computer interface. This flexibility allows the user to operate at a synchronous sub-harmonic of the power line frequency (such as 15 Hz/12.5 Hz) or at some incommensurate frequency, depending on requirements. Multiple SIM921s can be operated at different frequencies in the same experimental set-up without risking in-band crosstalk. Also, for very high impedance measurements, the variable frequency makes it possible to probe any capacitive effects in the resistance result. Excitations are sinusoidal, eliminating the high-frequency harmonic content associated with square wave excitations.The actual determination of resistance is achieved ratiometrically, passing the selected excitation current through both an internal, high-stability reference resistor as well as the user's device under measurement. An internal autocal is available to calibrate the two arms of the ratio readout for greater accuracy.ExcitationTwo excitation modes, constant current and constant voltage, are available with the SIM921. Most low temperature thermometry applications use negative temperature-coefficient resistors. The constant voltage mode has the benefit of decreasing the power dissipated in the thermometer as the temperature drops. In this mode, the SIM921 servos the applied AC excitation to maintain the selected voltage across the user's resistor.Constant current mode is appropriate when measuring small resistances, such as characterizing superconducting transitions. In constant current mode, the internal reference resistor is used as the input to the servo, giving a constant current equal to the selected voltage divided by half the resistance range (for instance, 100 μV on the 20 kΩ range gives 10 nA rms excitation current).SIM921 DiagramPhase Sensitive DetectionA pair of dual-phase sinusoidal AC demodulators in the SIM921 provide excellent signal-to-noise ratio in the most difficult test conditions. Further, dual-phase demodulation enables resistance and phase-shift measurements. Large phase shifts can warn the user of excessive lead reactance. Selectable post-demodulation time constants from 300 ms to 300 s give you complete control over the trade-off between measurement response time and ultimate resolution.AutorangeWhen autoranging is selected, the SIM921 dynamically adjusts the bridge amplifier gains for optimal performance with small signals and rescales the display based on the measured result. By disabling autoranging, the display range is held fixed, and the bridge amplifiers are kept at full-scale gain. This can be particularly important when using the SIM921 in a control loop application. In both autorange and manual range mode, the excitation settings are never changed by the instrument, ensuring the user complete control over measurement conditions in an experiment.ThermometryThe SIM921 is compatible with all resistive sensors including NTC sensors (germanium, Carbon-Glass?, carbon-composition, Cernox?, ruthenium oxide, etc.), and PTC sensors (rhodium-iron RTD, platinum RTD, etc.). Up to four user-calibration curves (ohm to kelvin), with 200 points of data each, can be uploaded to the instrument via the computer interface.OutputIn addition to the display output and computer interface, an analog output provides a DC voltage proportional to either resistance or temperature. The user has full control over the scale (V/K or V/Ω ) and offset (K or Ω ) of this output.Temperature ControlThe analog output signal is well suited to connect with the SIM960 Analog PID Controller. This combination of modules provides a flexible and cost-effective temperature control solution.

 

Front-Panel DisplayThe primary readout is an easy-to-read 5?-digit LED display (statically driven for low noise). This display can show measured value (resistance or temperature), value minus offset, phase shift, offset, excitation frequency, analog output scale, and cal-curve. Separate bar-style displays indicate the resistance range, excitation, and output time constant, as well as excitation mode (current or voltage) and autorange setting.InterfacesAll instrument parameters can be controlled and displayed on the front panel or set and queried over the computer interface. The analog DC output is available on a front-panel BNC connector.The rear panel has a standard 9-pin D-sub connector for the sensor. Power and serial communications are via the 15-pin D-sub connector which mates with the SIM900 mainframe. Stand-alone operation of the SIM921 is possible by providing ±15 V and +5 V power directly on the 15-pin connector.SIM900 MainframeResolutionResolution is given in the table below. Upper values give excitation current, while lower values are typical rms resistance noise measured at 50 % full scale on a room temperature resistor with a 3 s output time constant. ExcitationRange 30 mV 10 mV 3 mV 1 mV 300 μV 100 μV 30 μV 10 μV 3 μV20 mΩ N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100 mA44 μΩ 3 mA130 μΩ 1 mA510 μΩ 300 μA1.5 mΩ200 mΩ N/A N/A N/A 10 mA8.9 μΩ 3 mA12 μΩ 1 mA32 μΩ 300 μA120 μΩ 100 μA590 μΩ 30 μA1.4 mΩ2 Ω N/A 10 mA4.3 μΩ 3mA5.5 μΩ 1 mA7.9 μΩ 300 μA23 μΩ 100 μA70 μΩ 30 μA220 μΩ 10 μA730 μΩ 3 μA1.8 mΩ20 Ω 3 mA20 μΩ 3 mA21 μΩ 300 μA33 μΩ 100 μA41 μΩ 30 μA100 μΩ 10 μA390 μΩ 3 μA1.7 mΩ 1 μA4.1 mΩ 300 nA10 mΩ200 Ω 300 μA200 μΩ 100 μA200 μΩ 30 μA370 μΩ 10 μA430 μΩ 3 μA1.1 mΩ 1 μA2.8 mΩ 300 nA9.7 mΩ 100 nA25 mΩ 30 nA120 mΩ2 kΩ 30 μA2.0 mΩ 10 μA2.0 mΩ 3 μA2.9 mΩ 1 μA4.0 mΩ 300 nA12 mΩ 100 nA40 mΩ 30 nA120 mΩ 10 nA300 mΩ 3 nA900 mΩ20 kΩ 3 μA20 mΩ 1 μA25 mΩ 300 nA31 mΩ 100 nA56 mΩ 30 nA200 mΩ 10 nA640 mΩ 3 nA2.4 Ω 1 nA5.3 Ω 300 pA23 Ω200 kΩ 300 nA250 mΩ 100 nA350 mΩ 30 nA640 mΩ 10 nA1.4 Ω 3 nA4.5 Ω 1 nA16 Ω 300 pA47 Ω 100 pA150 Ω 30 pA710 Ω2 MΩ 30 nA3.4 Ω 10 nA5.9 Ω 3 nA16 Ω 1 nA46 Ω 300 pA190 Ω 100 pA480 Ω 30 pA1.7 kΩ 10 pA5.4 kΩ 3 pA15 kΩ20 MΩ 3 nA50 Ω 1 nA190 Ω 300 pA540 Ω 100 pA1.1 kΩ 30 pA5.4 kΩ 10 pA12 kΩ 3 pA56 kΩ 1 pA180 kΩ 300 fA750 kΩSIM921 AC Resistance BridgeMeasurementMeasurement type 4 wire AC bridgeNumber of inputs 1Resistance range 1 mΩ to 100 MΩTime constant 0.3 s to 300 sReading rate 2 updates/sDemodulator resolution 32 bitResolution see tableAccuracy (% reading + % range) 2 Ω to 200 kΩ 200 mΩ to 2 MΩ (0.05 % + 0.05 %) at an excitation of ≥30 μV and ≥3 nA±(0.15 % + 0.15 %) at an excitation of ≥300 pAStability With autocal Without autocal (±0.001 % of reading)/°C(±0.02 % of reading)/°CMax. lead resistance 100 Ω + 25 % rangeInput impedance >10 GΩ (typ.)SourceType Sinusoid, constant current or voltageSource frequency 2 Hz to 60 HzExcitation 3 μV to 30 mV, 10 mA (max.)Max. DC current <3 μV/range

 

ThermometrySensors supported All negative and positive temperature coefficient resistive sensorsTemperature units K, mKLow temperature 50 mK, sensor dependentSensor cal. curves 4 curves of 200 points eachAnalog outputRange ±10 VDCResolution 300 μVAccuracy 1 mVGeneralOperating temperature 0 °C to 40 °C, non-condensingInterface Serial via SIM interfaceConnectors Sensor DB9 (female) SIM DB15 (male) SIM interface Analog out BNC (front)Power Power supplied by the SIM900 Mainframe, or optionally by a user-supplied DC power supply (±15 V and +5 V)Dimensions 3.0" × 3.6" × 7.0" (WHL)Weight 2.3 lbs.Warranty One year parts and labor on defects in materials and workmanship

 

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